Mugabe Exposes Strive Masiyiwa, Mnangagwa Banter, Proves Zimbabwe Can Prosper Despite Western Sanctions

Flying in the face of Econet boss, Strive Masiyiwa’s claims that Zimbabwe cannot prosper under western sanctions on ZANU PF’s ruling clique, the prestigious Mo Ibrahim Index discussed LIVE on Deutsche Welle Africa, has reported a significant improvement of Zimbabwe on good governance and the economy. 

The 2018 report strictly relates to the Mugabe era: the MDC (Tsvangirai) Government Of National Unity period and just afterwards, the 2007 to 2017 era.

The report features Zimbabwe significantly rising above the whole of Africa on nearly all fronts on governance, business culture development, and GDP, the latter which sees the Mugabe managed country being one of only four countries who are the largest improvers at the category level over the decade: Kenya, Liberia, Rwanda and Zimbabwe.

Zimbabwe was ranked in a small group of successful nations as seen in the printouts provided in this ZimEye news review article.

Five of the ten most improved countries in Rule of Law – Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Somalia, Tunisia and  Zimbabwe – are among the ten most improved countries in Overall Governance, the paper says.

Between the period, Zimbabwe managed to improve on scores in the Safety & Rule of Law category (compared to only 19 over the last decade). The report says 58.5% of Africa’s citizens have experienced improved Safety & Rule of Law over the last five years.

Of the ten African countries with the largest percentage increase in GDP in the period 2008-2017, only four feature among the ten largest improvers at the category level
over the decade: Kenya, Liberia, Rwanda and Zimbabwe.
Mugabe Exposes Strive Masiyiwa, Mnangagwa Banter
In terms of Absence of Restrictions on Foreign Investment, only seven countries have shown a positive ten-year trajectory: Guinea (+17.3), Swaziland (+6.0), Zimbabwe (+5.9), Morocco (+1.3), Cabo Verde (+0.5), Rwanda (+0.3) and Benin (+0.2). They host less than one tenth of the continent’s population (7.2%).

Reliability of Electricity Supply

Of the 43 countries for which there is data, 25 have improved in the indicator Reliability of Electricity Supply over the decade. This number went up to 29 between 2013-2017. The five largest ten-year improvements are those of Uganda, Senegal, Zimbabwe, Cabo Verde and Chad (+31.0, +29.6, +28.5, +23.7 and +19.7, respectively). Chad has been the only country to experience yearon-year improvement since the beginning of the time series.

According to the ERA, oil exporters are those African countries with oil exports at least 20 per cent higher than their oil imports. They include: Algeria, Angola, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Libya, Niger, Nigeria and Sudan.

The ERA considers mineral-rich countries as those where mineral exports account for more than 20 per cent of total exports. They include: Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Guinea, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

For the purpose of this analysis, resource-rich countries are those that feature as oil exporters, mineral-rich, or both in the ERA. They are:

Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Conversely, non resource-rich countries are those that do not feature as oil exporters, mineral rich, or both in the ERA. They include: Burundi, Cabo Verde, Comoros, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Morocco, São Tomé & Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tunisia and Uganda.

There are strong statistical relationships between Rule of Law and Transparency & Accountability measures and performance in other areas of the IIAG. The indicators Property Rights (r=+0.92) and Sanctions for Abuse of Office (r=+0.85) are the first and third most correlated indicators with Overall Governance. The second most correlated indicator with Overall Governance, Civil Rights & Liberties (r=+0.87), is also the most correlated of the 102 indicators in the IIAG with Rule of Law (r=+0.89).

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